The “backstop” of Theresa May`s withdrawal deal should tackle it – and stipulates that if no future EU-UK trade deal could be reached, the rules and rules would remain as they are. This was rejected by Brexit supporters as a “trap” to keep the UK in the EU customs union, which would prevent Britain from concluding its own independent trade deals. As part of the agreement, the British and Irish governments committed to holding referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998. The referendum on Northern Ireland is expected to approve the deal reached at the multi-party talks. The Republic of Ireland`s referendum should approve the Anglo-Irish agreement and facilitate the modification of the Irish constitution in accordance with the agreement. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had founded Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and asserted territorial right to the whole of Ireland) and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution, which asserted a territorial right to Northern Ireland. The institutions of the Good Friday Agreement were created in this image. For example, the Hondt system, which is used for the allocation of political functions based on the number of seats in the European Parliament, is also used to assign ministerial posts to parties in the Northern Ireland Assembly. In the search for models of reconciliation between previously belligerent communities, those who conceive the GFA could simply turn to Europe and what Hume considered “the best example in the history of the world of conflict resolution”.
While the role of the United States in mediating the agreement has rightly been acknowledged, EU participation has probably been underestimated and perhaps underestimated. However, the Brexit negotiations have placed the provisions of the Good Friday agreement at the heart of the EU`s priorities. This is not only because the EU is the guarantor of the treaty, but because it reflects the same principles and processes as the EU itself. The rule of law, cross-border cooperation and post-conflict reconciliation and peace. These institutional provisions, established in these three areas of action, are defined in the agreement as “interdependent and interdependent”. In particular, it is found that the functioning of the Northern Ireland Assembly and the North-South Council of Ministers is “so closely linked that the success of individual countries depends on that of the other” and that participation in the North-South Council of Ministers “is one of the essential tasks assigned to the relevant bodies in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland]. 210.Ambassador Mulhall predicted that the Anglo-Irish Council (which brings together representatives of the governments/executives of the United Kingdom, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and the Crown Dependencies) would play a valuable role in the years to come, given that all components of the Anglo-Irish Council are concerned with Brexit.