The legal framework of the International Space Station recognizes and goes further with the basic rules of liability for space activities set out in international space treaties such as the Liability Convention (1972). This extension of national jurisdiction defines the laws applicable to activities on elements of a partner`s space station (e.g. Β European law in the European laboratory Columbus). This legal order recognises the jurisdiction of the courts of the Partner States and allows for the application of national legislation in areas such as criminal cases, liability and the protection of intellectual property rights. Possible conflicts of competence between the partners can be resolved through the application of other rules and procedures that have already been developed at national and international level. As NASA leads the Artemis program, international partnerships with countries like Britain will play a key role in achieving a safe and sustainable human presence on the Moon. The UK is at the forefront of international cooperation to explore and preserve space for future generations. We commit ourselves to keeping outer space — and the essential space systems on which our societies depend — by launching a pioneering United Nations resolution to agree on responsible behaviour for the functioning of outer space. NASA`s Artemis program aims to land the first woman and next man on the Moon by 2024. Commercial and international partners will work together to achieve a sustainable presence on the surface of the Moon as a springboard for the first human mission to Mars. The seven nations that have signed with the United States are Australia, Canada, Japan, Luxembourg, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates. NASA says it has spoken to other countries interested in a signature, but these seven nations have been the fastest to get through the inter-authority process.
That means more countries could sign the agreements soon — even before the end of the year, according to NASA. “This first announcement is a beginning, not an end for nations to join the agreements,” Mike Gold, NASA`s deputy administrator for the Bureau of International and Interinstitutional Relations, said at the briefing. In addition to these two initiatives, NASA has entered into five other agreements in the area of commercial space transport capabilities (CSEC). [not checked in body] Today, NASA announced that eight countries, including the United States, have signed an international agreement known as the Artemis Agreement, forming a broad and diverse coalition of nations working to advance standardized lunar research. . . .