On June 1, 2020, USTR Robert Lighthizer`s office released the uniform rules, which are the final hurdle before the agreement is implemented on July 1, 2020. You`ll find the text of the agreement here: ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/united-states-mexico-canada-agreement/uniform-regulations “Implementation is just as good as they`re willing to impose,” said California Democratic Congressman Jimmy Gomez. We will be very attentive to how the agreement will be implemented. Lighthizer referred to Mexico`s refusal to accept U.S. biotech products – such as genetically modified maize and other crops – as an area in which the United States could present a case under the new trade agreement. Mexico`s labor reforms and the treatment of U.S. media companies are also used by the United States. Lighthizer told lawmakers that his agency would take “early and often” steps to address violations of the agreement`s labor rules to improve wages and working conditions, particularly in Mexico. The three-nation pact, reached after more than two years of negotiations, aimed to change Mexico`s labour rules to ensure workers have the freedom to form unions and negotiate for better wages. But these changes continue to be made through the Mexican legal system, which is threatened by powerful companies and politicians. American workers warn that the protection of workers – which Democrats see as a model agreement and who was largely responsible for their support – could still be shaken. The agreement between the United States of America, the United States of Mexico and Canada, commonly known as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), is a free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico and the United States in lieu of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
   The agreement has been referred to as NAFTA 2.0 or “New ALEFTA, since many nafta provisions have been introduced and its amendments have been found to be largely incremental. On 1 July 2020, the USMCA came into force in all Member States. USMCA countries must comply with IMF standards to avoid exchange rate manipulation. The agreement requires disclosure of market interventions. The IMF may be summoned as an arbitrator if the parties argue.  The provisions of the Convention cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, industrial products, working conditions and digital commerce. Among the most important aspects of the agreement are improving U.S. dairy farmers` access to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries and not imported from other countries, and maintaining the dispute settlement system, which is similar to that contained in NAFTA.   National procedures for ratifying the agreement in the United States are governed by the legislation of the Trade Promotion Authority, which is also known as the fast track authority.